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1月
7 2011
 

9A Chapter 8 Exercise of Unit 8


   作者:黄宁沙 发表时间-13 :14:16  阅读( 329 )| 评论( 0 )

                        Exercise of Unit of 8


   一,短语:


1---看作                                  regard---as


2收到许多请柬                              receive many invitations


3幽默感                                    sense of hummour


4总是一样                                  always the same


5---很乐意                                It’s a pleasure to


6熟记                                      learn---by heart


7使---失望                                  let---down


8陷入困境                                  be in trouble


9事实上                                    in fact


10一会儿后                                 a little later


11最终                                     at the end


12决定做                                   decide to do


13开某人玩笑                               play jokes on sb


14寻找                                     look for


15别挂线                                   hold on a minute


16留言                                     take a  message


17听起来有趣                               sound interesting


18八点差一刻                               a quarter to eight


19愚人节                                   April Fool’s Day


20大多数                                   most of


21闻名的                                   well---known 


22---做演讲                               give a lecture  


23调换位置                                 change places


24被领到                                   be led to


25完全不                                   not at all


26提出做                                   offer to do sth                                      


27回答                                     in reply to


28确信                                     make sure


29在去往---的路上                           on one’s way to                         


30回电话                                   return a call    


二,语法:


The Infinitive---动词不定式        


结构:to+动词原形


作用:主语、表语、宾语、宾补、定语、状语。


Ask some students to tell the uses to the infinitive.


1. It is dangerous to play in the street. (主语)


2. It takes us thirty hours to get there by trains. (主语)


3They began to read and write. (宾语)


4. He wanted to have a cup of tea. (宾语)


5. She hopes to help us. (宾语)


 


7. Lucy asked him to turn down the radio.
(宾补)


8. Would you like us to go with you?


(宾补)


9. She went to see her grandma last week.


          (状语)


10. He came to give us a talk yesterday.


(状语)


11. Have you got anything to say. (定语)


12. He said he had an important meeting to attend.(定语)


13. She was the first person to think of the idea.


                        (定语)


14. The important thing is to be good at


learning.               (表语)


15. To be a doctor, the most important thing was to save lives. (表语)


 


注意:


宾语:


1). 能以不定式作宾语的动词常见的有:like,


want, hope, wish, expect, need, hate, prefer,


continue, manage, try, ask, offer, start,


forget, mean, begin, decide, learn, agree,


choose, refuse, plan, help 等。


2). 动词tell, advise, show, teach, find out, decide, discuss, learn, forget, know等常用一个连接代词或连接副词的不定式做宾语.


e.g. We didn’t know who (whom) to ask.


 She teaches us what to do.


 They forget when to go.


宾补


1). 能以不定式作宾补的动词常见的有:want, wish, expect, ask, tell, beg, order, help, allow, drive, invite, encourage, remind, warn, teach, require, call on, ask for, wait for,等。


2). 感官动词see, watch, notice, observe, look at, hear, listen to, feel等及使役动词 have, make, let之后,不定式作宾补要省去不定式符号to.


 e.g. His attempt to explain how the universe works made his very famous.


三,练习


1,解释句子:


1He no longer works in this company.


 He does’t work in this company any longer .


2 Hurry up, or you’ll miss the early bus.


 If you don’t hurry up , you will miss the early bus .


3. They didn’t go hiking because of the heavy rain.


   They didn’t go hiking because it was raining heavily .


4 What’s the distance between our school and the supermarket?


     How far is it from our school to the supermarket


5.  Tom left school three years ago.


    Tom has been away from school for three years .


6,  Learning French well is difficult.


    It’s difficult to learn French well


7,  How about going swimming this weekend.


    Why not go swimming this weekend .


8,  Take the third turning on the left


    Turn left at the third turning


9,  If you work harder, you can pass the exam.


    You can’t pass the exam unless you work hard .


10    It took us 20 minutes to clean the room yesterday.


We spent 20 minutes in cleaning the room yesterday .


2句型转换:


1Mary has lunch at school every day.(改否定句)


  Mary doesn’t have lunch at school every day.


2The boy under the tree is my brother.(题问)


   Which boy is your brother ?


3The children are flying the kites at the moment.(提问)


   What are the children doing at the moment ?


4,  He studies English every day.(一般问句)


   Does he study English evey day ?


5Let’s go shopping,  shall  we  ?(反意问句)


6She lives in Australia.(提问)


   Where does she live in ?


7He can speak Japanese and Chinese.(提问)


   What languages can he speak ?


8  My sister has breakfast at home.(否定句)


   My sister doesn’t have breakfast at home.


9  They will arrive in the big city tomorrow.(一般问句)


   Will they arrive in the big city tomorrow ?


10We are putting the map on the wall.     (提问)


    What are we / you doing


 3,填空:


(  )1. I have never seen her sister _______.


A. ago   B. before  C. often                 D. sometimes


( )2. “_______ do you go swimming?” “Once a week.”  


A. How often     B. How long    C. How fast   D. How soon


( )3. It’s _______ we last met.


A. some time   B. sometime   C. sometimes     D. some times


( )4. Mary sings _______, but her sister sings much _______.


A. well, well   B. better, better  C. well, better   D. better, well


( )5. My model plane can fly higher than _______.


A. you  B. your  C. yours  D. yourself


( )6. If you’re ______ in Spain, do come and see me.


A. ever    B. never  C. once   D. nearly


( )7. He knows _______ about it than you do.


A. even little   B. even less  C. more little    D. more less


( )8. You should speak _______ and listen _______.


A. little, less    B. less, much   C. less, more    D. more, little


( )9. You are sure to read it ______ if you try.


A. much better  B. much well  C. more better   D. more well


( )10. Soon we found that he liked the girl ______.


A. good and better    B. well and better  C. well and well   D. better and better


( )11. It was ______ late to catch a bus after the party, so we took a taxi.


A. too very   B. much too  C. too much    D. far


( )12. The children looked _____ at the broken model plane and felt quite _____.


A. sad, sad  B. sadly, sadly   C. sad, sadly   D. sadly, sad


( )13. “This book is ____ more useful for us students.” “Yes, but it is ____ too difficult.”


A. quite, quite   B. much, much   C. rather, quite   D. quite, much


( )14. Mr Smith is _______ too busy now. Could you wait for a moment?


A. very    B. fairly   C. rather    D. quite


( )15. He doesn’t sing ______ that night as he usually does.


A. so well   B. so better   C. more better    D. so best


( )16. He says that he ______ likes this idea.


A. very   B. much   C. quite     D. well  


( )17. The child is _______ busy to have time for sports.


A. too much  B. much too  D. much very   D. very much


( )18. Jim works ______, but his brother ______ works.


A. hard, hard    B. hardly, hardly   C. hard, hardly   D. hardly, hard


( )19. Jack writes _______ than he did before.


A. much carefully    B. more careful   C. much more carefully   D. much careful


( )20. _______ no one believed what he said.


A. Nearly   B. Almost    C. Most    D. Most of


( )21.My new bike runs ______than the old one.


A. fast   B. faster   C, fastest    D. as fast


( )22.________ we work _____  mistakes we’ll make.


A.    The more carefully., the fewer     B. The more careful, the fewer


C. The more carefully, the less     D. More carefully, fewer


( )23.If you want to be thinner and healthier ,you’d better ear _______ food and take ______ exercise


A. more ,fewer   B. more ,less  C. fewer , more  D.less, more


( )24.Do you think maths is _______ foreign language?


A. more difficult   B. less difficult   C.  as difficult as   D. the most difficult


( )25. We are glad to see that ShangHai is developing _________ these years than ever before.


A. quickly   B. less quickly  C. more quickly  D. the most quickly.


( )26.--I eat ____ vegetables and ____ meat than I did last year.


    --That''s why you''re getting fatter.


   A.fewer,more   B.more,less    C.less,more    D.many,much


( )27.--Maths isn''t as   difficult  as Chinese.


   

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