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12月
31 2010
 

Chapter 7 A trip to the theatre


   作者:黄宁沙 发表时间-11 :33:24  阅读( 1013 )| 评论( 0 )

            Chapter 7    A trip to the theatre








make someone wear a mask


force sb. to leave home


make one’s home on the island


fall in love with someone


sing to someone late at night


agree to marry someone


in the middle of


put sb. in a prison


pull off his mask


be shocked at…


in front of the whole audience


feel sorry for someone


cry with joy


take someone to safety


burst in / into the flat


at that moment


one’s relationship with sb.


stay out of


change one’s mind


 

I. Phrases


1.          让某人戴上面具      


2.          强迫某人离开家


3.          在岛上安家


4.          爱上某人


5.          在深夜给某人唱歌


6.          同意与某人结婚


7.          在…中间


8.          把某人投进监狱


9.          拉下他的面具


10.      对…感到震惊


11.      在所有的观众前


12.      同情某人


13.      喜极而泣


14.      把某人带到安全地方


15.      闯进来;闯进公寓


16.      在那时


17.      与某人的关系


18.      远离、不介入


19.      改变主意


II. Sentence patterns


  1. be/ keep/ get in touch with     与 … 保持联系


be out of touch with          和 ... 失去联系(和 ... 不接触)


   I kept in touch with my good friend by writing letters.


= I contacted with my good friend by writing letters.


2. v. ……赠送   present sb. with sth. =  present sth, to sb.


Jan’s parents presented her with a piano.


= Jan’s parents gave her a piano as a present.


3. fall in love with…“爱上”强调动作


be in love with…“爱着”强调状态


4. pull on / off 穿上”  “脱下强调瞬间动作;有费力,用力拉含义


Pull on the socks!


put on /off “穿上”  “脱下强调瞬间动作;很容易,不费劲


Put on your raincoat! It is raining hard!


5. act as…充当、担任


Mr. Lin works as an engineer. =Mr. Lin acts as an engineer.


6. so… that …. “如此以致…”也可以跟“too…to…” 转换。


He was so happy that he couldn’t say a word.


=He was too happy to say a word.


The child ran so fast that we couldn’t catch up him.


=The child ran too fast for us to catch up with.


7. He taught her how to sing well.


特殊疑问词可以后接动词不定式,相当于后接宾语从句。


我无法决定该选哪一个。


I can’t decide which one to choose.


=I can’t decide which one I should choose.


你能告诉我们如何到哪儿吗?


Can you tell me how to get there?


= Can you tell me how I can get there?


8. angry adj.  angrily adv.  anger  n.


be angry with somebody为某某而生气/发怒


be angry about something为某事而生气/发怒


with anger=angrily气愤地// 发怒地


be angry that …be+adj. +that…)


e.g. The Phantom was angry (that) Christine loved Raoul.


9. make him wear a mask   


      make sb do sth. 使某人做某事


10. force sb to do sth. 迫使某人做某事


       force也可用于“force sth. + 宾语补足语”结构中,其中宾语补足语可由形容词、副词等来充当。例如:


       They forced the door open.


       We forced the enemy plane down


11. fall in love with sth or sb. 爱上


       be in love with sb.       恋爱


12. teach sb to do sth 教某人做某事


13. agree  vi.   Agreement  n.


       agree to do sth.   同意做某事


       agree to sth      同意某事


       agree with sb.    同意某人观点


       agree on sth      ...达成协议
1) She  agreed to  take part in the meeting.


2) They  agreed with  each other in the end.


3) Her parents  agreed to the marriage at last.


4) They  agreed on the plan/contract finally.


14. marry sb.        嫁给某人,娶某人


       get married      结婚


       be married to sb. 结婚


       adj. married   n. marriage (反)divorce


    1) 他们去年结婚的。They got married last year.


    2) 她要嫁给一位科学家。She will marry a scientist.


                          / She will be married to a scientist.


    3) 他们结婚25年了。    They have been married for 25 years.


                           It’s 25 years since they got married.


15. be jealous of 嫉妒;羡慕;
       1) 我很羡慕你的新工作。I’m very jealous of your new job.


2) 没人嫉妒他的成功。  Nobody is jealous of his success.


16. kidnap (kidnapped, kidnapped)  v.绑架


       kidnap sb. 绑架某人


       那位百万富翁昨天被绑架了。The millionaire was kidnapped yesterday.


17. put sb in a prison 把某人关起来


       go to prison 入狱, 被监禁


       be taken to prison 被关入监狱


       prison表示被监禁状态,作不可数名词,常不加冠词。


    18. pull off: take sth from over sth else 脱下,摘下


      他脱下袜子,穿上拖鞋。He pulled off his socks and put on his slippers.


    19. be shocked at sth. 对某事感到震惊


      我们都对这个坏消息感到震惊。We were all shocked at the bad news.


    20.be shocked 有三种结构,即be shocked at sth., be shocked to do sth., be shocked that...它们分别表示“对某事感到震惊”,“做某事震惊”“震惊……


21. feel sorry for sb. 对某人表示同情


       All the people feel sorry for the children who lost their parents in
the earthquake.


22. cry with… 大叫起来


       cry with joy 喜极而泣


23. release sb 释放某人  let sb go   释放犯人release prisoners


24. take sb to safety把某人带到安全地方 


25. burst in 闯入,突然出现 burst-burst- burst


许多人闯进来,抓住了绑匪。


Many people burst in and caught the kidnappers.


burst with anger勃然大怒                                           burst into tears 放声大哭                                          burst into the room闯入房间


26. to one’s surprise   使某人吃惊的是


III. Grammar


l  Tenses (宾语从句的时态与主句的时态保持一致)


v      如果主句为一般现在时或将来时,从句要根据具体情况选择适当的时态。


v      如果主句为一般过去时,从句要根据具体情况选择响应的过去时态,如一般过去时,过去完成时,过去将来时,过去进行时等。


v      主句为一般过去时,宾语从句表示的是客观真理、自然现象、客观事实时,仍用一般现在时。


v    Word order (语序):


宾语从句的语序为陈述句的语序。陈述句变为宾语从句语序不变。


一般疑问句、特殊疑问句变为宾语从句语序要作相应调整,主语必须位于谓语之前。


v      根据需要,人称要作相应的变化。一主二宾三不变。


(1)   How long are you going to be away?


   Could you tell me how long you are going to be away?


(2) What time does their plane leave Beijing?


  Do you know what time their plane leaves Beijing?


(3) Where should we show our tickets?


   I don’t know where we should show our tickets.


(4) Which subject do you like best?


   He asked me which subject I liked best.


(5) How long have you kept that book?


   I want to know how long you have kept that book.


(6) How many times have you been to Beijing?


   Can you tell me how many times you have been to Beijing?


(7) Whose dictionary is this?


   Nobody knows whose dictionary this is.


(8) Who is the best at English in your class?


   Could you tell me who is the best at English in your class ?


(9)   What’s the matter with your bike?


    He asked me what was the matter with my bike.


(10) Why didn’t you come to school yesterday?


    The teacher asked Lucy why she didn’t come to school yesterday


(11) When did the meeting begin?


    I don’t know when the meeting began.


(12) How many students are there in yourclass?


    He asked me how many students there were in our class.


 


● Conclusion


v      如果从句是特殊疑问句,引导词用由疑问词转换而来的疑问代词/副词(who, whom,


which, whose, what, how, when, where, why)


特殊疑问句变为宾语从句,语序变为陈述语序。


v      When did he leave?I don’t know. →I don’t know when he left.


v      时态关


①如果主句是现在的时态,从句的时态可根据实际情况而定。如:


Do you know what time their plane leaves Beijing?


②如果主句是过去的某种时态,那么从句的时态一定要用过去的某种时态。如:


I wanted to know how long you had kept that book.


注意:如果宾语从句表述的是客观真理、自然现象等时,不管主句是什么时态,从句都要用一般现在时。


v      在连接代词/副词引导的宾语从句中,当从句主语与主句主语或间接宾语一致时,


宾语从句可简化为连接代词/副词+不定式结构。如:


Can you tell me how I can get to the station?→


Can you tell me how to get to the station


 


Ⅳ. Exercises


 


A. 用已学过的英语解释下列句子.


1. Could you tell me how I can get to the park?


  Could you tell me the way to the park?


  Could you tell me how to get to the park?


2. I hope I can see him at once.


  I hope to see him immediately.


3. I can’t decide which bike I should buy.


  I can’t decide which bike to buy.


4. I think that it is important to learn English well.


  I think it important to learn English well.


5. He found that she was a clever girl.


  He found her clever.


B. 请用已学过的英语解释下列句子。


1. Mr and Mrs Hill got married five years ago.


Mr and Mrs Hill have been married for five years.


2. The girls are dancing happily.


  The girls are dancing with joy.


3. The child ran away from home because of his mother’s cruelty.


The child ran away from home because his mother was cruel  .


4. When she took her mask away from her face, I found she was my childhood friend.


When she pulled off  her mask, I found she was my childhood friend.


.  单项选择


1.(   ) ---- Who is the boy ______ glasses?


       ---- He is a student of ______.       


A. wearing, Mr. Wang B. wears, Mr. Wang''s 


C. with, Mr. Wang''s D. in, Mr. Wang''s 


2.(    ) He didn''t know ______.       


A. what happens B. what was happened 


C. what has happened D. what was happening 


3.(    ) ---- Did your father give you anything for your birthday?


       ---- Yes. He ______ me ______ a nice watch.       


A. gave, to B. presented, with  C. sent, to D. offered, with 


4.(    ) ---- Can I help you?


       ---- Well, I''m afraid the box is ______ heavy for you, but thank you all the same.


A. so B. too C. very  D. much


5.(    ) He lives ______, but he never feels ______.       


A. lonely, lonely B. alone, alone C. alone, lonely  D. lonely, alone


6.(    ) Beth has a beautiful ______. Listen! She is singing very well.       


A. voice B. look C. sound  D. smell


7.(    ) Kate ______ a red blouse today.       


A. is putting on B. is wearing C. putting  D. wearing


8.(    ) She bought a digital camera online ______ she would save a lot of time.       


A. so that B. as soon as C. no matter  D. such that


9.(    ) There is a tall tree ______ our classroom.       


A. in the front of B. in the front C. in front of  D. in front


10.(    ) ---- ______ fine day it is today!


   ---- Yes, the sunshine is ______ beautiful that I''d like to go swimming in the sea.       


A. How, such B. What a, very C. How, so  D. What a, so


11.(    ) I couldn''t make him ______ even when I speak very slowly to him.       


A. understood B. understanding C. understand  D. be understood


12.(    ) ______ we won the war.       


A. In the end B. On the end C. By the end  D. At the end


13. (    ) ______ of last month we had seen five English films.       


A. At the end of B. By the end C. In the end  D. To the end


14. (    ) We Chinese are good ______ playing tale tennis.       


A. to B. for C. at  D. in


15. (    ) ---- How long have your parents ______?


       ---- Over 29 years.       


A. married B. marry C. got married  D. been married


16. —Debbie, someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _______.    


—Sure!


A. who is he    B. who he is    C. who is it    D. who it is


17. —Would you please tell me ______ with Peter? He looks unhappy.


—Sorry. I don’t know, either.


A. what’s the matter    B. what wrong is 


C. what the matter is  D. what wrong it was


18. —What’s the weather like there?


—We all think ______ bad weather it is.


A. what             B. how       C. what a         D. how a


19. —Why did you look worried?


—We were worried about Janet because no one knew ______ she had gone.


A. that         B. where     C. which     D. what


20. —I think it’s going to be a big problem.


—Yes, it could be and I wonder ______ we can do about it.


A. if             B. how        C. what      D. that


21. —Can you tell me which room ______?          


—Sorry, I have no idea.


A. does he live in   B. does he lives  C. he lives in    D. he lives


22. They discussed when they ______ to have a picnic in a park.


A. start             B. starting   C. to start      D. started


23. I felt sorry that I ______ at my brother the other day.


A. had shouted      B. shout   C. shouting    D. have shouted


24. I like _____ music and I am good at playing _____ guitar.


A. the; the        B. a; the   C. /; the       D. the; /


25. —Do you often see William ____ on the playground?


—No, but he is often seen ____ Chinese Kongfu in the park.


A. run; play       B. run; to play  C. running; play         D. running; to play


26. Mr Black asked us to stop _____, and we stopped _____ to him at once.


A. talking; to listen   B. to talk; to listen   C. talking; listening     D. talk; listen


27. They discussed the problem three or four times, but could reach no _____.


A. conclusion        B. end      C. result                      D. opinion


28. I have lost one of my gloves. I _____ it somewhere.              


A. must drop   B. must have dropped


C. must be dropping D. must have been dropped


. 句型转换,每空一词(含缩写)


6. Her sister is so young that she can’t take care of herself. (改为同义句)


Her sister is not old enough to take care of herself.


7. We are going to have a vacation. We are excited about it. (改为宾语从句)


We are excited that we are going to have a vacation.


8. Our teacher often helps us do our homework. (改为同义句)


Our teacher often helps us with our homework.


9. The head teacher said something good about the student. (改为否定句)


The head teacher didn’t say anything good about the student.


10. Apples are produced in North China. (对划线部分提问)


Where are apples produced ?


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